ASX-listed lithium stocks rallied on Thursday after Elon Musk’s electric car maker Tesla signed its first deal with an Australian miner.

Car makers around the world are rushing to lock down long-term supplies of material such as lithium that are needed in batteries and other electric car components.

>> Scroll down for a list of ASX small cap stocks with exposure to lithium

In January Toyota bought 15 per cent of Australian lithium miner Orocobre for $292 million.

Deutsche Bank predicts global battery consumption will increase five-fold over the next decade, placing pressure on the battery supply chain and lithium market.

On Thursday Kidman (ASX:KDR) locked in a three-year deal — with an option for six more years — to supply lithium hydroxide to Tesla.

Kidman — which is valued at about $760 million — gained more than 8 per cent to trade at $2.34 before cooling to $2.22.

It’s now up more than 400 per cent over the past year making it the best performing ASX lithium small cap over that period.

On Thursday about 80 per cent of the ASX’s other 50 or so small cap lithium stocks either gained ground or remained steady following Kidman’s Tesla announcement.

Dart Mining climbed 11 per cent. Galaxy Resources gained 8 per cent.

Lithium investors will be hoping for an Elon Musk-led turnaround.

Despite big gains over a 12-month period, lithium stocks have performed poorly this year amid concerns of pricing pressure. Morgan Stanley reported that lithium supply would move into surplus by 2019.

More than 35 small caps have lost ground since January — some significantly.

Reedy Lagoon is down 82 per cent for the year-to-date, while Anson, Pepinnini, Lake Resources, European Metals and Jadar Lithium have all lost more than half their value.

Still, most investors who got in at least a year ago are sitting on strong gains.

Apart from Kidman’s five-bagger performance over the past year, AVZ Minerals is ahead 330 per cent, European Lithium is up 270 per cent and Lepidico has gained more than.

The West Australian government is now working with local players to develop a lithium and battery mineral industry.

West Australia mines 60 per cent of the world’s lithium and produces all of the other minerals necessary to construct batteries.

A new Strategic Industrial Area (SIA) has opened up in Kwinana, 38km south of Perth, positioned next to the Fremantle Port’s deep-water bulk materials facilities and associated road and rail networks.

Earlier this month Kidman and its joint venture partner secured a refinery site at the SIA.

“This is a revolution that’s happening in the world and it’s being driven by climate change,” WA mines minister Bill Johnston told delegates at this week’s Latin America Down Under conference in Perth.

“There’s enormous opportunities for many countries in this space, but we just want to make sure that we’re taking advantage of all the opportunities we have so that we can share in this new opportunity.”

Here is a list of ASX stocks with exposure to lithium – and their share price performance over the past year:

ASX Code Company One-day price change Price change since Jan 2 12-month price change Price May 17 Market Cap
LPI LITHIUM POWER 0.178571428571 -0.421052631579 0.137931034483 0.33 73.0M
AOU AUROCH MINERALS 0.152941176471 -0.02 -0.455555555556 0.098 8.2M
ADN ANDROMEDA METALS 0.125 0.285714285714 0.8 0.009 7.2M
DTM DART MINING 0.111111111111 0.25 1 0.01 5.8M
GXY GALAXY RESOURCES 0.0836012861736 -0.129198966408 0.549425287356 3.37 1.3B
AJM ALTURA MINING 0.0735294117647 -0.188888888889 1.60714285714 0.365 618.7M
JDR JADARITHIUM 0.0714285714286 -0.5 -0.955882352941 0.015 5.5M
CAZ CAZALY RESOURCES 0.0714285714286 0.176470588235 0.2 0.06 12.9M
ORE OROCOBRE 0.070652173913 -0.15220197963 0.771582733813 5.91 1.4B
AVZ AVZ MINERALS 0.0645161290323 -0.297872340426 3.34210526316 0.165 289.6M
ADV ARDIDEN 0.0625 0.0625 0.133333333333 0.017 23.6M
HNR HANNANS 0.0625 -0.0555555555556 0.307692307692 0.017 31.6M
TAW TAWANA RESOURCES 0.0595238095238 -0.144230769231 0.854166666667 0.445 232.8M
EUR EUROPEANITHIUM 0.0555555555556 -0.269230769231 2.8 0.19 98.2M
ARE ARGONAUT 0.05 -0.363636363636 1.33333333333 0.021 31.1M
SYA SAYONA MINING 0.0444444444444 -0.381578947368 1.61111111111 0.047 76.4M
4CE FORCE COMMODITIES 0.0344827586207 -0.347826086957 1.85714285714 0.06 24.4M
PLS PILBARA MINERALS 0.0326086956522 -0.194915254237 1.2619047619 0.95 1.6B
MTC METALSTECH 0.0322580645161 -0.396226415094 -0.0857142857143 0.16 17.9M
MIN MINERAL RESOURCES 0.0282776349614 -0.0623534927332 1.01207243461 20 3.7B
KDR KIDMAN RESOURCES 0.0277777777778 0.11 4.10344827586 2.22 860.9M
LPD LEPIDICO 0.0238095238095 -0.295081967213 2.58333333333 0.043 121.9M
BGS BIRIMIAN 0.0215053763441 -0.330985915493 0.979166666667 0.475 107.2M
NMT NEOMETALS 0.015625 -0.269662921348 0.3 0.325 173.9M
MZZ MATADOR MINING 0 -0.230769230769 0.219512195122 0.25 6.2M
LI3 LITHIUM CONSOLIDATED 0 -0.3 -0.183333333333 0.098 8.8M
LIT LITHIUM AUSTRALIA 0 -0.333333333333 0.238095238095 0.13 54.1M
AGY ARGOSY MINERALS 0 0.0357142857143 2.25842696629 0.29 266.4M
PLL PIEDMONTITHIUM 0 -0.0769230769231 1.06896551724 0.18 99.7M
KPC KAZAKHSTAN POTASH 0 0.47619047619 -0.340425531915 0.031 38.5M
SRK STRIKE RESOURCES 0 -0.0833333333333 0.25 0.055 8.0M
KTA KRAKATOA 0 -0.264150943396 0.147058823529 0.039 4.5M
GPP GREENPOWER 0 -0.4375 -0.666666666667 0.009 11.7M
ASN ANSON RESOURCES 0 -0.737142857143 0.703703703704 0.046 18.9M
ESR ESTRELLA 0 0 -0.0416666666667 0.023 9.9M
PNN PEPINNINI 0 -0.694117647059 0.0833333333333 0.026 13.9M
PSM PENINSULA MINES 0 -0.3125 -0.5 0.011 7.7M
PM1 PURE MINERALS 0 -0.238095238095 -0.2 0.016 4.3M
KSN KINGSTON 0 0 0.05 0.021 25.5M
BMZ BLACK MOUNTAIN 0 0.733333333333 0.444444444444 0.026 5.2M
NVA NOVA MINERALS 0 -0.391304347826 1.33333333333 0.028 19.9M
CGM COUGAR METALS 0 0.166666666667 0 0.007 6.4M
LRS LATIN RESOURCES 0 -0.384615384615 0.6 0.008 21.0M
NLI NOVOITIO -0.02 -0.02 -0.140350877193 0.049 18.6M
PSC PROSPECT RESOURCES -0.0243902439024 -0.259259259259 0.379310344828 0.04 81.2M
MCT METALICITY -0.0384615384615 -0.342105263158 -0.45652173913 0.025 15.0M
DMI DEMPSEY MINERALS -0.04 0.481481481481 1.14285714286 0.12 8.8M
EMH EUROPEAN METALS -0.041095890411 -0.496402877698 -0.578313253012 0.35 51.1M
LKE LAKE RESOURCES -0.047619047619 -0.642857142857 0.851851851852 0.1 32.1M
MQR MARQUEE RESOURCES -0.0512820512821 0.450980392157 0.85 0.37 15.0M
RLC REEDY LAGOON -0.0833333333333 -0.816666666667 -0.214285714286 0.011 4.8M
BOA BOADICEA RESOURCES -0.1 0.125 -0.1 0.18 10.6M
CHK COHIBA MINERALS -0.1 -0.1 -0.357142857143 0.009 5.6M
SI6 SIX SIGMA METALS -0.176470588235 -0.125 -0.416666666667 0.014 7.8M