What moved the markets last week?

US inflation and job reports

The US CPI report was the main market mover for the markets last week.

US inflation reached a 40-year high of 8.2% in September, versus consensus forecast of 8.1%. Core CPI, which excludes the volatile food and fuel prices, gained 6.6% versus consensus of 6.5%.

The red hot inflation is likely to keep the Fed in a tightening mode for a few more meetings starting from the next FOMC meeting in November.

“The Fed will likely need to remain in tightening mode for a few more meetings, which would indicate rates will have to reach 5% or go even higher,” said OANDA analyst Edward Moya.

The US September workforce figures also raised fears US interest rates would continue higher for longer. The unemployment rate in the US fell by 0.2% to 3.5%, and average hourly earnings were up 0.3% for the month.

The Fed’s September policy meeting minutes revealed some concern at not doing enough to tame inflation, with Fed officials agreeing in the meeting that rates should remain high until prices came down.


Geopolitical tensions were in focus as Russia launched attacks on cities in Ukraine across regions it does not control.

Russia said it was payback for an ealier attack by Ukraine on a bridge linking Russia and Crimea.

Separately, US President Biden reportedly asked Saudi Arabia (the de facto leader of OPEC+), to delay its decision on reducing oil output by a month which the Saudis rejected.

OPEC+, which includes Russia, had earlier announced its largest supply cut since 2020 of 2 million barrels per day starting from November.

All this should have pushed oil prices higher, but benchmark Brent crude was down 7% for the week apparently due to reports that Russia was willing to sell oil at a discount.

“Last month, Russia was threatening they would stop selling oil to countries that would agree to use a price cap, but now it seems like that was just a bluff,” said Moya.

The S&P/ASX 200 Energy [XEJ] was down 1.5% for the week.

Truss U-turn

UK PM Liz Truss performed a humiliating U-turn over her flagship plan to cut corporation tax after sacking her chancellor Kwasi Kwarteng.

Three weeks ago, Kwarteng announced a controversial mini-budget that included unfunded tax-cut measures that sent financial markets into a meltdown.

His decision sent UK bond yields to spike to their highest level ever as the Bank of England (BoE) said it would intervene in the bond markets in a buyback program.

Yields eventually came down when the BoE moved to reassure markets that it would end its bond buying measure, a plan that was apparently scrapped.

The saga continues.

Source: FT


The Economic Calendar
Monday October 17 – Friday October 21


Australia and New Zealand


ANZ Roy Morgan weekly consumer confidence
RBA board meeting minutes for October 4
Speech by RBA Deputy Governor Bullock
NZ quarterly CPI

Detailed skilled job vacancies for September
Building activity for June quarter

Labour force for September


US Empire State manufacturing index for October

China GDP for September quarter
US industrial production for September
US NAHB housing market index

EU monthly CPI for September
China new home prices
US housing starts and building permits
US Fed Reserve Beige Book (update on regional US economic activity)

China loan prime rates
US Philadelphia Fed manufacturing index for October
US exisiting home sales
EU current account for August
EU leaders’ summit

EU consumer confidence


The ASX IPO calendar for this week

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Listing: 11 October

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